The Moselle in Luxembourg –

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The Moselle Valley is a region in eastern Luxembourg that has been promoted as a wine-growing region since the 19th century and has developed an important tourist industry around its renown as a rural idyll.

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg shares its important asset with neighbouring Germany – the wide, navigable Moselle River, tributary of the Rhine. Along the Luxembourg riverbanks are vineyards that produce a wine which connoisseurs rate as among the best in the Moselle Valley. A wine tour through the quiet villages and wine cellars of the region is a scenic and relaxing experience.

The principal town of Luxembourg’s Moselle wine growing region is linked to the German bank of the river by a bridge. Grevenmacher is an old town with narrow streets, the remains of medieval fortifications, and a 13th-century Belfry.

The town’s claim to fame is the wine cellars of Caves Bernard-Massard, whose sparkling wines are internationally acclaimed. The cellars are open daily for tastings from April to October from 9.30am to 6pm. There is a small museum in the town, and an exotic butterfly garden. Grevenmacher is also an embarkation point for regular scenic river cruises on the Moselle, which call at other quaint villages in the region.

In the Moselle region in the southeast of Luxembourg, nestling in the hills, lies the spa town of Mondorf-les-Bains, where thousands of visitors come on holiday every year to enjoy the verdant surrounds and thermal springs of what is billed as the most modern balneotherapy centre in Europe.

The Mondorf-les-Bains holiday resort consists of a thermal park set in 50 hectares of parkland, offering a variety of sports facilities and a balneotherapy pavilion with saunas, swimming pools, waterfalls, whirlpools and geysers. Visitors can also be pampered with massages and mud baths.

There is a casino in the town, as well as some interesting frescoed churches, a Roman fortress and some Art Nouveau-style houses to visit while on holiday in Mondorf-les-Bains.

The almost complete guide to The Moselle

Gliding 300 miles on its leisurely journey from France via Luxembourg to Germany, the Moselle winds past striking scenery and historic towns.

During the Moselle’s 300-mile journey from its source in the Vosges mountains of eastern France to its confluence with the Rhine at Koblenz in western Germany, the river carves some spectacular landscapes – but also washes past some dreary industrial views. Some of the banal, sweet wines produced on its banks may have you reaching for the mouthwash, yet there are also some classy vintages that sell at a premium. The Moselle’s lingering encounters with two-and-a-half countries (it merely brushes past Luxembourg), trace a fascinating story of culture and geography.

The Moselle rises near the Col de Bussang in eastern France, about 30 miles west of Mulhouse. Initially, the river runs swiftly south-west, before turning right, then broadening out around Épinal – a thoroughly untouristy destination, though conveniently with a tourist office at 6 place Saint-Goëry (00 33 3 29 82 53 32,

Its main attraction is the Imagerie, an extraordinary collection of brightly coloured, quasi-cartoon characters located beside the Moselle at 42 bis quai de Dogneville (00 33 3 29 34 21 87, and opens 9am-12noon and 2pm-6.30pm (afternoons only at weekends), admission €4.70 (£3.50).

You can access Épinal by rail; depart London at 12.09pm, make a swift change from Paris Gare du Nord to Gare de l’Est and you can catch the only direct train of the day, terminating in Épinal at 8.35pm, for a fare is around £100 return.

North-west from here, the Moselle passes through agricultural countryside before swerving west to embrace the curious, octagonal fortress town of Toul; it also avoids the handsome city of Nancy, which is well worth a detour for its wealth of Art Nouveau structures.

North of the main east-west railway, the river moves into the fiercely industrialised Pays de Fer (Land of Iron). This stretch is punctuated by the fine city of Metz, which – as the capital of Lorraine – has shuttled between French and German control over the last couple of centuries. Architecturally, Metz is a muddle of Roman, medieval and 19th-century German structures.

The city possesses some gems, notably the Gothic cathedral with Chagall stained-glass windows. The tourist office is at the Place d’Armes (00 33 3 87 55 53 76). From the UK, Metz is accessible with a single change of train at Lille, though there are only a couple of trains a day – and you have to walk the 10 minutes between Lille Europe and Lille Flandres stations. Turn your head as you leave the station for a proper view of the imposing Hauptbahnhof, sorry, gare.

That’s a result of the “canalisation” of the Moselle in 1964, which connected the Rhine and the Rhône, and provided Luxembourg with an important link to two of Europe’s major waterways. The Lorraine chase down-river ends with a 15-mile meander northwards to Thionville, and then north-east through unthrilling countryside to a point where three nations meet – at a village whose name has become as much a part of Euro parlance as Brussels and Maastricht.

Schengen was the location for the signing of the treaty on free movement within the European Union, which took place on 14 June 1985; representatives of Belgium, Luxembourg, Holland, France and Germany signed the Schengen accord while symbolically aboard the Marie-Astrid excursion boat, as it floated around in the middle of the Moselle. The village name has become synonymous with formality-free travel within Europe: airports are divided into “Schengen” (no passport checks required) and “Non-Schengen” (nations, including Britain, where identity checks are still carried out).

The Luxembourg border village has a boastful series of monuments to its status, some agreeable places to eat and drink, and the 1,025ft Stromberg – from the summit of which you can get a fresh view of Europe without frontiers.
There are no hotels in Schengen, but five miles downstream Remich provides you with a choice of places to stay, of which the four-star Hotel St Nicolas (00 352 26663, is the finest. A double room, including breakfast, costs €90 (£65).

Fly to Luxembourg on British Airways (0870 850 9850, from Gatwick for £165 or on Luxair (01293 596633, for £115 from Heathrow, Stansted, London City and Manchester.
The road along the west bank of the Moselle, which marks the edge of Luxembourg, is dramatic, past vineyards clambering up steep slopes. At Wasserbillig the river veers east into firmly German territory, but if you continue for a few miles along the border around to Echternach, you find yourself in “Little Switzerland”, south of a Moselle tributary, the Sûre.


At Schengen, cross the river to the town of Perl, a far-flung terminus of the German rail network. From here, the railway line hugs the banks of the Moselle (or Mosel, as it becomes) almost all the way downstream to the river’s end, where it joins the Rhine at Koblenz.

A day ticket, valid on all the railways in the German states of Rhineland-Palatinate (where you are now) and the Saar (where you really don’t want to go), covers up to five people, for a total fare of €21 (£15). Once in Germany, the Moselle meanders its way through Rhineland-Palatinate nearly 150 miles between the Eifel and Hunsrück Hills towards Koblenz. This is the stretch of river that is the most scenic and celebrated. You’ll find rolling hills, stretches of forest and grand medieval castles that preserve a peaceful, romantic atmosphere from another age.

Far from it. The valley formed one of the boundaries of the Roman Empire and the river was important for trade in ancient Europe. Germany’s oldest city, Trier, was founded in 16BC by Emperor Augustus. It rose to become capital of the Belgica prima province, an imperial seat in the 3rd and 4th centuries, and an important early Christian centre under Emperor Constantine, with a population of 70,000. But it was ransacked twice: by the Franks in the 5th century and the Vikings in the 9th.

From the Middle Ages, Trier was a significant political force, and its archbishop was one of the seven Electors of the Holy Roman Empire – the loose, shifting German alliance that endured from the mid-10th to the early-19th century. Trier’s location – well away from Germany’s industrial heartland – meant it escaped serious bomb damage during the Second World War.

Today, the city has an astonishing depth of history still on show, with some of the best-preserved Roman monuments in Northern Europe, as well as impressive medieval architecture. In 1986 several of its buildings gained Unesco World Heritage status. Pride of place goes to the Porta Nigra, a huge 2nd-century sandstone gate, which the residents used to defend the city with the assistance, when necessary, of vats of boiling oil. In the 11th century the gate became a church, the Simeonstiftkirche, named after St Simeon, a Greek hermit who took refuge in one of its towers towards the end of his life.

Almost as impressive is the vast Basilika, built as Emperor Constantine’s throne-room and originally adorned lavishly with marble inlay, mosaics, and statues. Unfortunately the Franks did not appreciate the decor and trashed its interior on their visit to the city in the 5th century. There is also an amphitheatre which in its heyday held 20,000 spectators. From April to October you can visit the underground cage rooms where animals, prisoners and corpses were kept, and admire the impressive drainage system under the arena (open 10am-6pm from Monday to Saturday, 12noon-6pm on Sunday, admission free).

Relatively speaking. Trier is packed with Gothic and Rennaissance buildings such as the House of Magi, a 13th-century tower, and St Gangolf, a 15th-century church. The best is undoubtedly the Dom, the cathedral. Most of what stands today was built in the 11th century on the remains of an immense double church. Constantine ordered the original construction as a showpiece for the Christian religion, alongside St Peter’s in Rome, the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Like much of Roman Trier, it was destroyed by the Franks and the Vikings.

Other than Constantine, Trier’s most famous ex-resident is Karl Marx, who was born here in 1831. His home, the Karl-Marx-Haus, is open to visitors 10am-1pm and 2-5pm daily (closed Monday morning), admission €1.50 (£1.10).
If you believe that some are more equal than others, check into the magnificent Blesius-Garten (00 49 6513 6060) which has an impressive wine list and a (mostly) French restaurant.

A double room costs €90 to €120 (£65 to £87), including breakfast. The downmarket alternative is the youth hostel (00 49 65114 6620), beautifully located on the river, with bunks for €16 (£11). Trier is also home to some excellent restaurants. The Kesselstatt (00 49 06514 0204, offers haute cuisine and excellent wines in the splendour of a Baroque palace, while the Zum Domstein (00 49 6517 4490) has imaginative vegetarian and Roman dishes.

Fly on Ryanair (0871-246 0000, from Stansted, Prestwick and Bournemouth to Hahn (though Bournemouth flights cease at the end of October). Yesterday, return fares for travel in mid-October were £21 from Stansted, £19 from Bournemouth and £39 from Prestwick. From Hahn, buses run to Trier six times a day for a fare of €18 (£14) return.

“Frankfurt”, in Ryanair-speak; but in real life, Germany’s financial centre on the Main is 90 minutes away from the airport by bus. The village of Hahn lends its name to a vast former US air force base in the Hunsrück. It has become Germany’s leading no-frills airport. While highly inconvenient for Frankfurt, it is an ideal gateway to the finest parts of the Moselle, and in particular the beautiful medieval “double towns” (one on each bank) whose names look like German estate agents: Bernkastel-Kues and Traben-Trarbach.

Each pair is accessible by bus from Hahn in half an hour. A well-signposted two-hour walk links them across the hills. On balance, you should select Traben-Trarbach as your base. A century ago, it was the second-largest wine-trading area in Europe, after Bordeaux, thanks to its close links to the Prussian government in Potsdam. Early in the 20th century, the Hotel Bellevue (00 49 6541 7030, was born – a miraculous Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) creation overlooking the river.

Past guests include Baron von Richthofen, the Red Baron of First World War fame; present-day guests pay €100-€150 (£70-£110). On the west bank of the river you can find some other Art Nouveau villas and also worth seeking out is the Moseltherme (00 49 654 183 030), an uber-modern spa with jacuzzi, sauna and both indoor and outdoor pools.

Upriver in Bernkastel, consider the 17th-century Doctor-Weinstuben (00 49 6531 6081); a double room with breakfast costs €95-€125 (£67-£90).

Pleasure boats bob up and down the Moselle, though the season is now drawing to a close. For something more substantial, join a cruise. Peter Deilman Riverboat Cruises (020-7436 2961, operates luxury trips on the Moselle.

Alternatively, ride along the cycle path that runs alongside the river.

You’re thinking of Bavaria, although the Moselle Valley has its fair share of medieval fortresses. Burg Eltz (00 49 2672 950 500, is excellent. On the north side of the river, near the small double town of Treis-Karden, it rises spectacularly out of the surrounding rocks with an array of conical towers.

The castle dates back to the 12th century, although most of what is there now was built in the 1400s. Unlike many of its neighbours, it has retained its original features. Inside you can see collections of furniture, paintings, jewels, and weaponry. Do not be taken in by the Reichsburg in Cochem, a bizarre replica built in the 19th century on the site of a castle that the French burnt down in 1689.

A touch ignominious, as the Moselle is swallowed up by the mighty Rhine. The city that grew up at their confluence, Koblenz, is almost as old as Trier; the Romans built a settlement here early in the first century. But it has not survived the intervening two millennia very prettily, and some would say that its main attribute is the railway station – a good way to arrive or leave the region.

A return ticket from London Waterloo, via Brussels and Cologne, costs £123 return through German Rail (08702 43 53 63), and the journey takes around seven hours. Alternatively, fly to Hahn and take one of the four or five daily buses to the main station in Koblenz. From here, you can easily get a train along either bank of the Rhine, which is at its prettiest upstream from here as far as Wiesbaden and Mainz.

Put some fizz into wine-buying!

Moselle is home to some of Luxembourg’s, France’s and Germany’s finest vineyards. Some people mistakenly think that German wine is sweet, disgusting stuff. In fact, the Mosel-Saar-Ruwer is one of Germany’s finest wine-producing regions. Although a small number of red grapes are grown it is the white varieties for which it is famous, the most popular being Riesling. These have a characteristic flinty taste due to slate in the soil, and the best is fragrant, crisp and fruity with an acidity that penetrates spicy food. Some have a touch of fizz.

Many of the vineyards are situated on steep inclines – up to an incredible 70 degrees – and harvesting the grapes has to be carried out by hand. The steepest slopes provide maximum exposure to the sun and reflection from the river.
The Moselle is also home to a rare sweet wine, eiswein, although it is not exclusive to the region. It is made with very ripe grapes, which, as the name suggests, are pressed while frozen in order to obtain the most concentrated juice. Two varieties are highly prized: St Nicholaswein and Christwein which have their grapes picked on St Nicholas’s day and Christmas Day respectively.

The region hosts numerous wine festivals between June and October. The biggest weinfest takes place over the first weekend of September in Bernkastel-Kues, where locals knock back gallons of their favourite tipple, Bernkasteler Doctor. At any time of year, you can organise wine-tastings or visit a wine cellar. The Vinothek in Bernkastel-Kues (00 49 6531 4141,, situated in magnificent vaulted cellars, has more than 130 wines on offer.

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Luxembourg Mullerthal room with a view in Europe

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Trip Planner – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg –

Nestled into the heart of Western Europe, tiny Luxembourg feels like a real-life fairy tale. Latin and Germanic cultures combine to create a unique flavor full of strong-willed pride. It had castles and forests, valleys and rivers, dramatic views and picturesque villages.  But before visiting this wonderful country make sure that you are familiar with ……

Weather and when to visit
Weather in Luxembourg is moderated somewhat by the sea some 200 miles to the north. Summers can be warm. There are about 10-13 rain days each month. It is wetter in the north. Best time to visit Luxembourg? The sunniest months are from May to August, although April and September can be fine also. If you’re into flowers, go in spring. For festivals and outdoor dining, join the throngs who come in summer, Luxembourg’s peak season. To enjoy wine-making, plan for autumn when the Moselle villages move into harvest celebrations.

Citizens of Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand and the USA don’t need a visa to visit for up to three months. There are no restrictions on EU nationals.
Visa information can be obtained online from: here

How to get there


Into Luxembourg, the main roads are the E411 from Brussels, the A4 from Paris, the E25 from Metz and the E44 from Trier in Germany. When travelling from any of these countries, fill up in Luxembourg – fuel prices here are among the lowest in Western Europe. For details about driving, see Getting Around.
Eurolines (26 29 80; 26 Ave de la Liberté) operates international bus services to and from Luxembourg City. Tickets can be bought from its office in the capital. Services include Amsterdam (€22, 8½ hours, one daily), Brussels (€15, 3¾ hours, one or two daily), London (€50, 11½ hours, five weekly) and Paris (€24, 5½ hours, five weekly).


Luxembourg has an extensive rail and bus network. CFL, or the Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois features electrified railways and buses covering the whole country. the CFL web site is only in French at the moment, but a rail map is available.
Rail and Bus travel is free with the Luxemburg Card (see below). A Benelux Tourrail pass can be used on the railways and bus routes as well.
International train services include to Brussels (one-way 2nd-class ticket €29, 2¾ hours, hourly), Amsterdam (one-way 2nd-class ticket €50, 5½ hours, hourly), Paris (one-way 2nd-class ticket €47, four hours, six daily) and Trier, Germany (one-way 2nd-class ticket €8.40, 40 minutes, hourly). For details on the Benelux Tourrail pass, see p142. For all international enquiries, contact the Luxembourg City station office (49 90 49 90; 24hr).


Luxembourg’s only international gateway is Luxembourg airport 6km east of the capital.
The national carrier, Luxair, flies to European destinations including London, Paris and Frankfurt.
Airlines flying into Luxembourg: here
Budget airline Ryanair flies to Frankfurt/Hahn in Germany from where there’s a bus connection to Luxembourg (one-way €17, 1¾ hours, 10 daily); check

Car hire:  here

Currency: Luxembourg uses the Euro.

Languages: “Lëtzebuergesch” or Luxembourgish is the national language, but French and German are also spoken widely and are considered the “official languages.” French is the administrative language. English is common, especially in larger villages and tourist destinations within Luxembourg.
Tipping: A service charge of 15% is added to your food bill at a restaurant, so a tip isn’t manditory, but many people add a Euro or two for good service.

Business hours

The standard opening hours for banks in Luxembourg City are 8.30am to 4.30pm Monday to Friday and Saturday mornings. Post offices are generally open from 9am to 5pm weekdays and from 9am to noon on Saturday. Shops are open from 9am to 6pm Monday to Saturday, though, some shops will close for two hours at lunch.
Restaurants are open for lunch from noon to 2pm or 3pm, then for dinner from 7pm to 11pm. Pubs and bars tend to open from 11am to 1am, while club hours start at 10pm and close around 3am.
Tourist information offices hours can vary.

Shopping: here.

The Luxembourg Card
One of the biggest values in tourist discount cards might be the Luxembourg Card. Individual or family cards are available, and offer free and reduced admissions to many attractions, as well as free use of the trains and buses on the national public transport network.

Driving in Luxembourg
Luxembourg has an excellent road system. The maintenance is excellent. Fuel is cheaper in Luxembourg than in surrounding countries, and considered by some to be the cheapest in Europe. All highways are free in Luxembourg. You must wear your seatbelt.

Regions of Luxembourg interesting to the visitor

The Ardennes region consists of mountains that extend from south east Belgium. The area is lush and green, with forests and rolling hill country. You’ll find some compelling castles in this region, like Vianden Castle.
The Luxembourg City Area includes Luxembourg’s capital, a city of 78,000 people.
The Mullerthal is sometimes called “Little Switzerland.” It features sometimes bizzare rock formations, creeks and waterfalls, and unique vegetation.
Red Rocks, Les Terres Rouge, was named after a rich iron mining area, now full of abandoned quarries. Nature has reclaimed much of the space and now the region is dotted with hiking trails, many of which explore the local geology.
The Moselle region is one of the great white wine regions in the world.

To find out more:

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Travel Tips for Luxembourg –

Entry requirements for Americans:
United States citizens must have a valid passport. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months.

Entry requirements for UK nationals:
British passport holders must have a valid document. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months if holding a passport endorsed British Citizen, British Overseas Territories Citizen, British Subject or British National (Overseas). In all other cases a visa is required.

Entry requirements for Canadians:
Canadians must have a valid passport. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months.
Entry requirements for Australians: Australians must have a valid passport. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months.

Entry requirements for South Africans:
South African nationals require a valid passport and a Schengen visa.

Entry requirements for New Zealanders:
New Zealand citizens must have a valid passport. No visa is required for a stay of up to three months.

Entry requirements for Irish nationals
Irish citizens must have a valid passport but no visa is required.
Passport/Visa Note: Passports must be valid for at least three months after period of intended stay. It is recommended that visitors have return or onward tickets, documents required for next destination and sufficient funds. The borderless region known as the Schengen area includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. All these countries issue a standard Schengen visa that has a multiple entry option that allows the holder to travel freely within the borders of all.

Note: Passport and visa requirements are liable to change at short notice. Travellers are advised to check their entry requirements with their embassy or consulate.

Read more at:

If you are a citizen of a third-party (i.e. non-EU or non-EEA) country and you want to come to Luxembourg for a period of not more than 3 months maximum. The purpose of your visit may be, for example, tourism or visiting friends or family.

Conditions to be fulfilled

For a stay of less than three months in Luxembourg you require your valid national passport, and in some cases a visa. The nationals of certain third party countries require a Schengen visa to come to Luxembourg, others do not.

Check here to see if you need a Schengen visa or not.

If you come from a country of which nationals require a Schengen visa (still called a tourist visa), you must apply to the embassy representing Luxembourg in your country of origin, with the following documents:

1.Two recent identity photos
2.A valid passport or travel document recognised by the Schengen countries. It must be valid for at least three months after the expiry of the visa applied for
3.Documentary evidence relating to the purpose of the trip such as (all documents are not required, the list of documents to be provided depends on the reason for the visit):

  • official invitation letter for a business trip
  • certified agreement to cover costs by contact person in Luxembourg (See PDF file on covering costs)
  • hotel reservation (unless you are going to stay with someone)
  • return flight ticket (if visa approved) The ticket must not be submitted until definitive approval for the visa is given.
  • proof of sufficient living resources (extracts from bank account, cash, credit cards, etc.)
  • evidence of legal residence in the country of habitual residence
  • travel health insurance

Other documentary evidence relating to the purpose of the visit may be requested. A visa tax is to be paid.

N.B. The documents to be submitted must have an apostil added by the competent local authority in the country of origin or certified by the competent local authority in the country of origin and authenticated by the embassy. If the documents are not written in German, French or English, a certified translation by a sworn translator must be enclosed.

In addition to the visa conditions, it is necessary to fulfil the following conditions:

  • not be located in the Schengen Information System;
  • not be the subject of a decision to forbid entry to the territory;
  • not be considered as being in a position to compromise public order, national security, public health or the international relations of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg or one of the States which is party to an international convention concerning the crossing of external borders, binding upon the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg;
  • provide evidence of the purpose and conditions of the planned stay and of sufficient personal resources, both for the duration of the planned stay and to return to the country of origin or transit to a third party country to which you are guaranteed to be admitted, or demonstrate the possibility of legally acquiring these means and have health insurance covering all risks on the territory.

The following are exempted from the work permit requirement for stays of under 3 months on condition that their occupancy on Luxembourg territory is less than three months per calendar year:

  • the personnel of fairground attractions, circuses, etc
  • theatre and revue artistes
  • sportspersons
  • university lecturers and teaching assistants
  • for business trips

Steps to be taken
Applications should be made in person to a diplomatic mission or consulate of Luxembourg or to a diplomatic mission which represents Luxembourg. A visa application form should be completed in duplicate. The documents listed under the previous point are to be attached to the application.

When you arrive in Luxembourg, you must declare your arrival to the local commune within the first three working days. You will receive a copy of this declaration.
You MAY be asked to undergo a medical examination (but not always).

Decision – waiting times – appeals

You will be informed by the embassy if your visa has been approved and if so, you will be called to the embassy to have the visa included in your passport. In the case of a negative response or after 3 months without a response, please contact the embassy to find out why the application was refused and if applicable to make a new application.

Miscellaneous – Useful information

NB: The person who signs the agreement to bear your costs is, for a period of 2 years, jointly and severally liable with you for the costs of your stay, healthcare and return to your country.

The visa is valid for a maximum of 3 months in a period of 6 months. Art 34 (2)

The visa with a view to marriage no longer exists!!

Schengen Area
The Schengen Area is the area composed of the territory of states which have implemented the Schengen agreement in full, that is, in particular:

Germany, Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czech Republic and Switzerland.

Schengen Information System (SIS)

Within the Schengen arrangement, an information system has been developed which enables national authorities responsible for border controls and other police and customs controls carried out within their countries and coordination of these controls, as well as the judicial authorities of these countries, to obtain information on persons and goods.

Schengen Visa
The Schengen visa is a short-stay visa (maximum stay of three months over a six-month period) for business, tourist visits, family visits etc.

There are three types of Schengen visa

  • Type A: Airport transit visa.
 This visa constitutes an exception to the general rule permitting transit without a visia in the international transit zone of airports. The visa does not allow access to Schengen territory
  • Type B: Transit visa. 
This visa allows transit through one or more Schengen states to travel to a third state. The time necessary for this transit may not exceed 5 days.
  • Type C: Short-stay visa. 
This visa allows entry to Schengen territory for an uninterrupted stay of maximum 90 days over a period of six months. The visa can be made out for entrance on or more occasions. For multiple entries, the total of the various stays in the Schengen zone cannot exceed 90 days over a period of six months. The maximum validity period of a visa during which the authorised visits can take place is one year.
  • For more information follow this link.

The Schengen Information System, also called SIS, is an information system used by certain members states (with two main exceptions: Ireland and the United Kingdom) of the European Union (EU), which can consult it or record information on persons or goods.

The data generated by SIS concerns, amongst others, persons sought for extradition;
or those considered as undesirable in a signatory country.

NB: This text is only a summary drawn up by ASTI asbl. Only the text of the law is valid.

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Indoor Sports, Recreation and Activities for Kids in Luxembourg –

Indoor Playgrounds

11 Rue du Brill
L-3898 Foetz (Féitz), Luxembourg
Phone: +352 50 00 42   or  + 352 691 363 005
E – mail :
Web site:

Special sports activities for children include movement, music, gymnastics, sports, exercise, games, listening and cooperation. Every child receives individual attention and progresses at his or her own pace in a non-threatening, warm and nurturing environment.
Birthday parties and children entertainment with physical activities, games and obviously cakes.
The Little Gym Luxembourg
rue Petzer, 5
8080 Bertrange
Phone :(+352) 26 45 99 13 or 14
Web site:

YOYO, Indoor Playground & Restaurant
The YOYO playground offers to the children a total immersion in a dream world that encourages the development of his mental faculties, his psychomotor and sensory abilities. All his senses are awakened. The child opens to the world around him and the other children.
105, rue des Bruyères
Phone:(+352) 26 29 66 33
Web site:

7 Rue Pletzer
L-8080 Bertrange
Phone : + 352 26 45 87 87
Web site:

X-Treme Bowling
11, rue du Brill – L-3898 Foetz – Luxembourg
Phone : +352 57 50 10
Fax : +352 57 50 05
E-mail :
Web site :
At the X-Treme Bowling, children also have their share. Indeed, the 20 tracks are equipped with a system elevating the edges and allowing smaller to keep their ball on the track. As a bonus, each child who will celebrate his birthday at the X-Treme bowling will be offered a nice T-Shirt Bowling. If necessary we have invitations for your birthday and they will be supplied free of charge.

Family Fun Center – bowing and more……
4, Fuussekaul
L-9156 Heiderscheid, Luxembourg
Phone:  +352 26 88 93 28
Fax: +352 26 88 93 29
Web site:

5 rue des Bruyeres,    L-1274 Howald – Luxembourg
Phone: (+352) 27 489 490
Web site:
New and unique in Luxembourg, from 7 to 77 years old, for family, friends, and all others.  There you can find that both the fun and sports go together…. With 100% laser, Laser Game Evolution is open to innovative fun out of the ordinary!
It is in a space that is both obscure and confusing, consisting of partitions, reflective areas, obstacles of all kinds, as players try to track down their friends in 3 rooms with size of 170 m2 to 300 m2 covered by mezzanines and bridges. Players in teams of 4-35 people in a room with music, black lights and fog looking for the sole purpose to save his team by scoring the most points.
Have fun……


90.000  litres aquarium with large variety of fish. Open during school holidays except Mondays from 10:00-17:00.  Special prices for children and groups.
Rue des Pepinieres
L-6445 Wasserbillig.
Phone: (+352)26 74 02 37
Fax: (+352)26 74 02 37


Hundreds of exotic butterflies fly in a hothouse. The botanical garden, walk and film presentation.
Route de Trèves
L-6793 Grevenmacher, Luxembourg
Phone: (+352)75 85 39
Fax: (+352) 75 85 39
Web site:


Parents with kids who are into their music will love the Museum of Music, which was Luxembourg’s first such museum and has been operating since the mid-1990s. The museum primarily details Luxembourg City’s wind orchestra, as well as covering music in the country for the last two centuries. In addition, fanfares and brass bands are also detailed and there are plenty of ancient instruments, old sheet music and photos exhibited, to bootIt is a place to find out about 200 years of music in Luxembourg with photographs, instruments and musical scores.
9 avenue Nicolas Kreins
L-9536 WILTZ
Phone: (+352) 95 74 44
Fax: (+352) 95 75 56

Located in the small town of Hollerich to the south of Luxembourg City, the excellent Tram and Bus Museum features loads of fun exhibits including old tramway carriages, bus models, a historical horse-drawn coach and a display of old-fashioned uniforms. The museum is educational and teaches kids about what life must have been like for getting around Luxembourg all those years ago.
63, rue de Bouillon
L-1248 Luxembourg
Phone.:(+352) 4796-2385
Fax: (+352) 29 92 09
Web site :

This is 2 museums, in adjoining former mansions, for the price of one. The Folklore Museum has a number of rooms displaying furniture from the 18th century (boy, what a tiny bed). Upstairs, the Doll & Toy museum would appeal to children of all ages. There are antique dolls, Barbie dolls, miniatures, teddy bears (including lots of Steiff for you enthusiasts)- over 500 dolls in all.
The museum of toys has a variety of metal toys, miniature railways, dolls and dollhouses, rocking horses, steamengines, tin soldiers and a lot of other magnificient surprises.
9, Grand Rue
Phone:(+352) 92 02 28

A’Musée Kanner Musée Lëtzebuerg

Local A’Musée, 1, rue de la Gare
L 8705 – Useldange
Phone : +352  691 854 504
E- mail :
Web site :

Casino Luxembourg – Forum d’Art Contemporain (Museumsmile)
41, rue Notre-Dame
Phone : +352  22 50 45
Fax : +352 22 95 95
E-mail :
Web site :

Musée national d’histoire naturelle – ‘natur musée’ (Museumsmile)
25, rue Münster, Grund
Phone : +352 46 22 33-1
Fax : +352 47 51 52
E- mail :
Web site :

rue Frebsou
L-9284 Diekirch
Phone: + 352/ 80 87 80-200

47a, rue des Romains
L – 6578 Echternach
Phone:  (+352) 26 72 09 74
Web site:
The museum shows scenes from every-day life of the Romans. Outside the remains of an ancient roman villa can be seen. Open from 30.03 until 03.10 : from 10 – 12 a.m. 1- 5 p.m. closed on Mondays.
Entry fees: adults 1,50 euro; seniors and groups: 1 euro.
Children and students : free.
Guided visits upon request, phone: (+352) 47 93 30 214

– Echternach
4a, rue du Pont
L – 6471 Echternach
Phone: (+352) 72 02 96
Open from 27 March until 31.10. Closed on Mondays,
Tuesdays to Sundays: 10 -12 a.m.  in the afternoon from  2 – 5 p.m.

Museum of Models

Château de Clervaux
Phone : +352 92 96 86
Fax : +352 92 91 80
Web site :

Musée du Jeu de Cartes Jean Dieudonné

Kulturhuef, 54, route de Trèves
Phone : +352 26 74 64-1
Fax : 26 74 52 71
Email :
Web site :


Multilingual children’s library – Reading workshops for children
6, rue Tony Bourg, Gasperich
Phone : +352 29 86 86 90
E-mail :
Web site:

Place d’Armes
BP 267, L-2012 Luxembourg
Phone : (+352) 47 96 51-33
E-mail: info @ cerclecite . lu
Web site:

MEDIA LIBRARY ErwuesseBildung

5, avenue Marie-Thérèse
L-2132 Luxembourg
Phone :  +352 4 47 43 – 340
Fax : +352 44 74 51
Web site :


Centre de Natation – Syndicat Intercommunal Bettembourg / Leudelange
10, rue J.H.Polk, Bettembourg, L-3275, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 26 52 95 – 1
Web site :

Piscine Communale de Clervaux
35, Klatzewee, Clervaux, L-9714, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 92 03 73

Piscine Couverte de Colmar-Berg
Re de l’Ecole, Colmar – Berg, L-7730, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 85 91 82

Piscine Diekirch
rue J. Merten, Diekirch, L-9257, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 80 87 80 – 530  –  80 94 27
Web site :

Centre sportif René Hartmann
Rue Nic. Biever, Dudelange, L-3401, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 51 61 111

Piscine Couverte d’Echternach
Centre Sportif, Echternach, L-6436, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 72 92 34  –  72 93 88

Bains du Parc
Place des Sacrifiés 1940-1945, Esch sur Alzette, L-4002, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 26 53 13 53

Piscine Lycée Technique
71, Avenue Lucien Salentiny, Ettelbruck, L-9080, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 81 92 01-247

Piscine de Larochette
The pool allows Larochette through its removable roof, to take full advantage of sunlight. It is surrounded by a beautiful lawn welcoming, in short the ideal setting to spend a day of idleness.
Plateau Birkelt, Larochette, L-7619, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 83 76 11

Piscine Municipale du Centre (Badanstalt) / Centre de Relaxation Aquatique
12, Rue des Bains, City Centre, Luxembourg, L-1212, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 4796-2550

Piscine Olympique Luxembourg
2, rue de Léon Hengen, Kirchberg, Luxembourg, L-1745, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 43 60 60 – 333
Web site :

Geesseknaeppchen / Lycee Aline Mayrisch
38, boulevard Pierre Dupong, Merl, Luxembourg, L-1430, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 228528
Fax: +352 228527

Les Thermes
Rue des Thermes, Strassen, Luxembourg, 8018, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 27 03 00 27
Web site :

Piscine de Mersch
Rue de la Piscine, Mersch, L-7572, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 32 88 23

Piscine Municipale Differdange/Oberkorn
Avenue du Parc des Sports, Oberkorn, L-4671, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 58 67 01
Web site :

Piscine Couverte de Pétange
Rue Pierre Hamer, Petange, L-4737, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 650538  –  502559

Piscine Pidal / Piscine Intercommunale de l´Alzette
Rue des Près, Walferdange, L-7246, Luxembourg
Phone: 339172
Web site :

Piscine Couverte de Wiltz
Rue Général Patton, Wiltz, L9551, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 95 06 91

Piscine Couverte de Wiltz
Rue Général Patton, Wiltz, L9551, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 95 06 9

Piscine Couverte de Steinfort
7a, Rue de Hagen, Steinfort, L-8421, Luxembourg
Phone: +352 39 01 34 1.
Fax: +352 39 01 34 30
Web site :
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Outddors for Kids in Luxembourg –


Hiking & Cycling
Luxembourg: great variety in a very small area. One third of Luxembourg’s tiny territory is covered by forests, which means that there are plenty of things to do outdoors. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a real paradise for ramblers, cyclists and mountain biking enthusiasts. With 5,000 km of footpaths, it has one of the densest networks of way marked trails in Europe. A sizeable network of cycling tracks (600 km in 2009, set to grow to 900 km by 2015), can offers you a perfect outdoors with your children. And even if you do not have your own bikes along, there are plenty of cycle hire places.


In the village of Medernach (next to Camping Kengert) is the brand-new: “barefoot woodland walk” (‘Sentier pieds nus’), a 750 metre long circular path designed to be walked barefoot. Feel the various materials such as bark mulch, gravel, sand, grass, wood, stone, pebbles, etc.
Syndicat d’Initiative et du Tourisme Medernach a.s.b.l.
p/a Kengert
L 7633 Medernach
Phone: + 352 837186 | Fax + 352 878323
Web site:

Walk the sound trail in Hoscheid, a new sound experience in the “Our” nature park: This trail -with a total length of 6.5 km (4 miles)- has 17 stations inviting the visitor to a rest, or to make music, to listen to nature, or just to admire it. Bang the forest gong, play the marimba and rotate the oozlers whilst discovering a sound world you never knew existed.
Your contact person: Christian Kayser
Phone: + 352 90 81 88 – 33  | Fax: 90 81 89
Web site:

Themed footpath on children’s rights in Heinerschied

Web site:
The themed footpath on children’s rights in Heinerscheid (12 km, 19 stations) familiarises children with their basic rights. The track is partly inaccessible for push- and wheelchairs, sturdy shoes are recommended. The 6,7 km loop track “Discover organic agriculture” crosses here. Start at the town hall.

River & Lakes

The lakes of Esch-sur-Sûre, Echternach, Weiswampach and Remerschen are just perfect for swimming, snorkeling, boating and paddling about as motorboats are not allowed here. The “White Ernz” and “Black Ernz” streams in the “Little Switzerland” region are spot on right for building dams (plus there’s plenty of building material lying around).

Many towns and villages have an outdoor (and/or indoor) swimming pool, or check out the ice rink in Berdorf if you’re passing in the low season.


Close to the Echternach lake, leisure park for families, groups or companies. Events, trainings, incentives and seminars. Min. age: 11 years , Min. height: 1,50 m
Service Animation
2, rue du Fort Olisy
L-2261 Luxembourg
Phone: (+352) 26 27 66 40
Fax: (+352) 26 27 66 42
Chemin de Rodenhof,
L-6479 Echternach.
Phone: 72 01 58
Fax: 72 87 35
Web site:

The « Indian Forest » is a set of high ropes courses in the woods of the picturesque town of Vianden. You will enjoy a few hours of adrenaline rushing family fun high up in the trees and will have the opportunity to conquer up to 60 elements. Children of 5 years and above
Phone:  (00352) 691 901 223 (Indian Forest)

Largest adventure park in Luxembourg.
Open from 10:00-20:00. At
203 rue du Parc,
L-3542 Dudelange.
Phone: 29 82 95 30
Fax: 29 82 95 95


Beim Steebroch 1
9570 Merkholz (5 min. from Wiltz)
Web site:


Piste de Karting Mondercange
rue de Limpach – BP 56 – L- 3901 Mondercange
Phone : +352  379 001 – Fax : +352 379 369
E-mail :
Web site:
Adrenalin junkies (kids as much as parents!) will love to hear about the Mondercange karting track. Kids aged 10 and older may use the track on Sunday mornings [and every morning during school holidays!]

Red Rock Skate park
The constructions for this special skate park begun on the 15th may 2009 by the German specialist Matt Grabowski and his team Minus-Ramps.
More info: here

Parc Merveilleux is Luxembourg’s most popular amusement park and a must for those with active kids. The main highlights of Parc Merveilleux are the adventure playgrounds, a children’s miniature train ride, the pony express, a small zoo complete with indigenous animals, mini-cars, and a café and restaurant.  Open from April to October.
route de Mondorf,
L-3260 Bettembourg.
Phone: + 352 51 10 48-1 | Fax: +352 52 45 11
Web site:

The Ardennes Draught Horse and Tourist Centre “A Robbesscheier”
Discover the country life! The Ardennes Draft Horse Museum is established on a site of 6 ha. During your visit, you will discover the rural living of our ancestors: a great many of farm animals, old crafts and long-forgotten skills of the craftsmen are presented through different active workshops. Activities: child’s birthday parties, carriage ride, baking workshop, garden, apiary, threshing, sawmill, pottery, wax and candle workshop, donkey and pony riding, feeding of the animals, visit to the museum, visit to the mill, European game.
Tourist Center
1, Frummeschgaass
L-9766 Munshausen
Phone : +352 92 17 45-1  | Fax : +352 92 93 47
Web site:

There aren’t that many kids around who don’t like horses and it just so happens that horseback riding in Luxembourg is a favourite pastime. Numerous well-equipped stables around Luxembourg offer rides by the hour or day while beginner’s courses are also available. Try a tour by horseback of Luxembourg City and the surrounding countryside or perhaps go way up into the mountains and forests of the north.
The Fédération Luxembourgeoise des Sports Equestres has a list of stables around Luxembourg.
3, Route d’Arlon
L-8009 Strassen
Phone: +352 48 49 99 | Fax: +352 48 50 39
Web site: ;

TRAIN 1900

Take the kids for a ride in an old-fashioned steam train. The train departs from Pétange travels uphill. The train stops at Gielle Botter; a natural reserve where you can take a tour and learn more nature, geology and mining.
“TRAIN 1900” leaves from its platform next to the station of the CFL in Pétange, goes up a slope of 23 ‰ around a hill called “Prenzebierg” to reach its first stop at “Fuussbësch” at PK 2.4. From there you can discover the natural reserve “Giele Botter” with its instructive walks about nature, geology and the mining quarries.
Service d’Animation Culturelle Régionale
Mr. Frédéric Humbel
Coordinateur Général
1, place du Marché
L-4756 Pétange
Phone: (+352) 26 50 41 24  | Fax: (+352) 26 50 41 41
Web site:


1, place du Marché
L-4756 Pétange
Phone: (+352) 26 50 41-24  | Fax: (+352) 26 50 41-41
Web site:

Open from beginning of December to beginning of March. Opening hours: on Tuesday, Thursday and Friday from 1 to 9.30 p.m., on Wednesday from 1 to 8 p.m., on Saturday from 10.30 a.m. to 8 p.m. and on Sunday from 10.30 a.m. to 9.30 p.m.. During the school holidays also opened on Monday. Every Saturday “Disco on Ice” from 6 to 10 p.m..
18 Grand-Rue
L-6310 Beaufort
Phone: +352 83 60 99-302

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Night Life in Luxembourg –


Luxembourg City offers several possibilities to spend the evening, you can choose from pubs, restaurants or listen to classical music in one of the various concert halls. Just as you please: a cabaret evening in ”Lëtzebuergesch”, the vernissage of a French avantgardist painter, the first run of a German-speaking film, the performance of an English ballet group.

‘Après-culture’ is plentiful, whether in the homely bistros of the lower towns, on the lively café-terraces of the Place d’Armes, or in one of the numerous restaurants with richly varied gastronomy from all over the world. Both the ”Emaischen” on Easter Monday and a big kermesse, the ”Schueberfouer”, in late summer, are popular festivities.

City center is best for bars Urban, Poof, Tube and rue de hollerich for Chocolate Elvis, Marx & Light bar.

Casino, Theatres and Concert Halls

Luxembourg City stays up late and there are numerous nightspots, theater performances, concerts, and other after-dark activities to choose from. The bar and night scene in Luxembourg City has developed substantially over the past couple of years. There are now new entertainment districts to cater the growing needs of the City. Live show enthusiasts will find numerous stages in Luxembourg presenting shows of international renown.

Mondorf-les-Bains is home to the Casino 2000, the ideal place for those who love games of chance, which also organizes concerts and shows as well as being famous for its bars and restaurants.

Music is the cultural discipline most widely found in daily life in Luxembourg. The people of Luxembourg love to go to concerts of all styles and they take part in huge numbers in popular outdoor initiatives.

The main stages are in Luxembourg City (the Philharmonie: and Esch-sur-Alzette, (the Rockhal although the multidisciplinary stage in Ettelbruck in the north of the country should not be forgotten, nor should the numerous unusual sites and open-air stages in summer.
During the past 15 years Luxembourg has seen its symphony orchestra develop considerably. With the opening of the Philharmonie , built in June 2005, the Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra (OPL- has finally at its disposal a concert hall that meets the highest standards any musician could hope for. The orchestra’s discography, strongly influenced by 20th century French music, is a world reference.

Opera has its enthusiasts throughout the country. The Esch-sur-Alzette and Luxembourg theatres, as well as the Centre des arts pluriels d’Ettelbruck and the open-air theatre of the Wiltz festival, all provide lyric representations for the inhabitants of the region.

The Echternach festival , the Printemps musical de Luxembourg, Jazz in the City (Blues N’Jazz Rallye), the musical part of the Wiltz festival, the Rock um Knuedler, as well as a few well-conceived small festivals such as in Marnach, animate the music scene from May to September.

Luxembourgers have a passion for the theatre – the country has four public theatres in Luxembourg City, Esch and Ettelbruck. Popular open-air theatre based on historical subjects has become very fashionable in recent years, especially in Kehlen and Bourscheid. Thousands of people attend these summer productions, performed almost exclusively by local amateurs.

Grand Théâtre de la Ville de Luxembourg,
1, Rond-point Schuman
L-2525 Luxembourg
Phone: (+352) 47 08 95
Fax: (+352) 46 57 77
Web site:

Théâtre des Capucins
9, place du Théâtre
L-2613 Luxembourg
Phone :(+352) 22 06 45
Fax: (+352) 22 63 23
Web site:

Théâtre du Centaure « Am Dierfgen »
4, Grand- Rue
B.P. 641 L-2016 Luxembourg
Phone : (+352) 22 28 28
Web site :

Théâtre d’Esch-sur-Alzette
11, rue Pasteur
L-4276 Esch-sur-Alzette
Phone: (+352) 54 03 87
Fax: (+352) 54 73 83-650

Centre des arts pluriels Ed Juncker;
B.P. 159; L-9002 Ettelbrück;
Phone 😦 +352) 26 81 21-1
Fax: (+352) 26 81 21-301
Web site:

Act In
1 Rue de la Loge
L-1945 Luxembourg
Phone: (+352) 26 47 89 75
Fax: (+352) 26 47 89 75

There are numerous cinemas throughout the country. The most popular are Utopia, with five screens , Utopolis, on the Kirchberg plateau, with ten screen and the new CineBelval in Esch Belval in the south of the country, which is one of the most modern in the region.
In summer, open-air cinema showings, accessible free of charge, are organised in the courtyard of the Theâtre des Capucins in the city of Luxembourg.

Apart from the very traditional cinemas (, Luxembourg has a “cinémathèque”, that shows old movies and a “Centre national de l’audiovisuel”, that provides national productions. While the main cinemas are located in the capital, several provincial towns have also got their own small cinemas. Films are usually shown in the original version with French and Dutch or German subtitles.

Cinémathèque municipale de Luxembourg
10, rue Eugène Ruppert
L-2453 Luxembourg
Phone :(+352) 4796-2644
Fax: (+352) 40 75 19
(Projections: Place du Théâtre; L-2613 Luxembourg)

Centre national de l’audiovisuel: Since 1997, the CNA has published a series of movies “made in Luxembourg”, which has known great success.
Centre national de l’audiovisuel
5, rue de Zoufftgen;
L-3598 Dudelange
Phone :(+352) 52 24 24-1
Fax: (+352) 52 06 55
Web site:

Utopolis Kirchberg
Avenue J.F. Kennedy, 45
L- 1855 Kirchberg
Phone: (+352) 429511
Fax: (+352) 429595
Web site:

Ariston Cinema
Place du Brill
9, Rue Pierre Claude,
4063 Esch-sur-Alzette
Phone : (+352) 541829
Fax: (+352) 429595

Kursaal Cinema
8, Rue des Martyrs,
3739 Rumelange
Phone : (+352) 575758

Utopia Cinema
16, Avenue de Faïencerie,
1510 Luxembourg
Phone : (+352) 224611
Fax :(+352) 429595

CineBelval Cinema
7, avenue du Rock’n’Roll
4220 Esch-Sur-Alzette
Phone : (+352) 575758

Cinémaacher Cinema
54, Route de Trêves,
6793 Grevenmacher
Phone : (+352) 575758

Cinestarlight Cinema
1b , Rue du Centenaire,
3475 Dudelange
Phone : (+352) 4295111

Kinosch Cinema
114, Rue de Luxembourg,
4221 Esch-sur-Alzette
Phone : (+352) 575758

Orion Cinema
24, Rue de la Gare,
9907 Bettembourg
Phone :(+352) 998048
Fax : (+352) 978132

Scala Cinema
31, Rue Jean l’Aveugle,
9208 Diekirch
Phone : (+352) 803129

Sura Cinema
18-20, Rue de la Montagne,
6470 Echternach
Phone : (+352) 728878

Tickets are on sale through e.g.:

Ticket Service (more for rock/pop)
12 Rue de Strasbourg
L-2560 Luxembourg
Phone: (+352) 40 30 25
Fax: (+352) 29 03 45
E- mail:

or through: (more for “classical” music)
c/o Grand Theatre
Rond-Point Schuman
L-2525 Luxembourg
Phone: (+352) 47 08 95 1
Fax: (+352) 47 08 95 95

166, route de Dippach
L-8055 Bertrange
Phone: (+352) 26 48 33 33
Fax: (+352) 26 31 06 25

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Luxembourg Architecture – by

Luxembourg Architecture

The architecture of Luxembourg probably extends back to the Treveri, a Celtic tribe who prospered in the 1st century BC. A few ruins remain from the Roman occupation but the most significant contributions over the centuries have been the country‘s castles and churches. Today there is a veritable architectural boom as Luxembourg‘s economic prosperity provides a basis for developments in the financial, EU and cultural sectors with a number of world-class buildings.

The beginnings
The architecture of Luxembourg appears to have its origins in the 1st or 2nd century BC when the Treveri,s a prosperous Celtic tribe, developed an oppidum on Titelberg in the south-western corner of the country. The Romans, who occupied the area from 53 BC until the middle of the 5th century, are responsible for the remains of a number of villas across the country, especially in Echternach, Mamer and Goeblange.
The Echternach site covers a huge area (118 by 62 metres) where there was a luxurious mansion from about 70 AD with 40 (later 60) rooms. It had thermal baths, a water heating system as well as additional buildings serving the surrounding farming community.

 Castles and churches


One of the country’s most famous monuments, the imposing castle of Vianden, was built between the 11th and 13th centuries on the site of a Gallo-Roman castellum. Initially designed as a fort, a square tower, a kitchen, a chapel and living rooms were added around 1100. During the 12th century, a new tower containing living quarters was built together with a prestigious new decagonal chapel.

So as to impress the House of Luxembourg, the counts of Vianden constructed a new two-storey palace measuring 10 by 13 metres at the beginning of the 13th century, attaching it to the chapel by means of a magnificent gallery. The final alterations took place in the middle of the 13th century when the Gothic style was introduced throughout the building.

Luxembourg has many other medieval castles, most of them now in ruins. Some of the more interesting ones are listed below:

  • Bourscheid Castle has its origins in the 11th century, when it consisted of a tower building linked to a chapel. The long surrounding wall with its watchtowers was completed in 1384 together with the Stolzembourg House, a separate residential building designed for the masters of Bourscheid. The body of the castle was also raised to a height of 10 metres, housing four storeys complete with a large fireplace and chimney.
  • Beaufort Castle, in the east of Luxembourg not far from Echternach, can be traced back to the 12th century. A number of additions were made over the centuries. In the 17th century, when the site came under new ownership, a second castle was built in the Renaissance style with the result that the older castle slowly fell into ruin.
  • The Castle of Clervaux also has its origins in the 12th century but was substantially extended by the Counts of Clervaux in the 15th and 16th centuries. Today the interior has been completed refitted for the needs of the municipal administration.
  • Hollenfels Castle, first mentioned in 1129, acquired its massive keep in the 14th century. The mansion to the north-east was constructed in 1729.


Luxembourg also has a number of architecturally interesting churches. The Abbey of Echternach (700) is the oldest Anglo-Saxon monastery in continental Europe. After the original buildings had burnt down in 1017, a new abbey was built. The church was originally Romanesque in style, but there were Gothic additions in the 14th and 16th centuries.

  • One of the best preserved Romanesque churches in Luxembourg is the chapel in Vianden Castle.
  • The origins of St. Lawrence’s church in Diekirch can be traced back to the 6th century but the present building consists of a 12th century Romanesque tower and the Gothic 15th century church.
  • St Michael’s Church in the centre of Luxembourg City was rebuilt in 1688 in the Romanesque and Baroque styles.
  • The Romano-Gothic church in the village of Holler in the north of Luxembourg dates back to the 12th century. Of particular interest are the church’s high Gothic arches and palm vaulting as well as its 14th century frescos.
  • The Munshausen church tower from 1250 is in the Romanesque style while the nave underwent Gothic additions around 1470.
  • The church at Septfontaines in the south-west of Luxembourg has a Romanesque tower which is probably from an older building, most of which was rebuilt in the early 14th century and consecrated in 1317. The remains of wooden beams indicate that there was originally a wooden ceiling over the nave. This was replaced by late Gothic vaulting in 1516.

 Other buildings and structures of note:

There are a number of other buildings of architectural interest in the city of Luxembourg:

  • The Grand-Ducal Palace was originally built as Luxembourg’s city hall in 1573. Count Pierre Ernest de Mansfeld, the governor, was probably involved in the design. After serious damage during the siege by Vauban, major repairs were carried out in the first half of the 18th century.
  • Fort Thüngen located next to the Museum of Modern Art in Luxembourg City was built by the Austrian engineer Simon de Beauffe in 1733. It was extended by the Prussians in 1837 and 1860 but was destoyed in 1874. It has now been restored.
  • Neumünster Abbey in the Grund district of Luxembourg City was constructed by the Benedictine monks in 1688 and extended in 1720. It has now been fully restored and is open to the public..
  • The Cercle Municipal on the Place d’Armes in the centre of Luxembourg City was built at the beginning of the 20th century as an administrative centre with reception rooms. It is now used for hosting concerts and other cultural events.
  • The l’Hôtel de la Caisse d’Epargne, the headquarters of the Luxembourg savings bank BCEE, was constructed in the centre of Luxembourg City on the Place de Metz in 1909. The architect of the Neo-Renaissance building was the Luxembourger Jean-Pierre Koenig.

 Contemporary architectural developments

The 1990s were characterised by a progressive internationalization of Luxemburg’s art scene, marked by the designation of the City of Luxemburg as World Heritage Site in 1994 and European Capital of Culture in 1995. This process was manifest in the architectural debate around the design of the new National Museum of History and Art by Christian Bauer et Associés, opened in 2002.

International design competitions also contributed to this process, attracting notable architects like Dominique Perrault, winner of the 1996 competition for a major extension of the Court of Justice of the European Union and Bolles+Wilson, winners of the 2003 design competition for the National Library of Luxembourg.

There are several other fine examples of modern architecture in Luxembourg. They include:

  • The Museum of Modern Art (2006) designed by the Chinese-American architect I. M. Pei who was responsible for the famous glass pyramid as part of his renovation of the Louvre.
  • The Philharmonie (2005) concert hall designed by Christian de Portzamparc. Located on the Kirchberg plateau, the Philharmonie consists of a peristyle with 827 columns giving the impression of a cliff bearing luminous faults.
  • The new European Investment Bank building (2008) designed by Christoph Ingenhoven of Ingenhoven Architekten, Düsseldorf.
  • The National Sports and Cultural Centre, commonly known as the Coque in view of its shell-like appearance. Designed by the French architect Roger Taillibert, it was completed in 2001.

The enfranchisement of towns allowing them to hold markets and courts of justice permitted the development of a commercial and administrative middle class which, alongside the religious orders, encouraged the arts. The industrial revolution in the mid 19th century brought major changes. The establishment of new political, economic, social and legal structures encouraged investment. Demographic migrations made themselves felt and the first modern towns made their appearance.

Located at the meeting point of Latin and Germanic cultures and in the absence of a complete university education, investors and architects have been largely influenced by their country of origin or their training. So architecturally, Luxembourg became a veritable melting pot of artistic trends and movements.

The most prestigious buildings in the “historicist style” are:

  • the Head Office of the State Bank and Savings Bank (BCEE), Place de Metz à Luxembourg, architecte Jean- Pierre Koenig
  • the ArcelorMittal Head Office, avenue de la Liberté, Luxembourg, architects Sosthène Weis and René Théry
  • Chamber of Deputies [lower house of parliament], architect Antoine Hartmann
  • the Adolphe Bridge with its single stone arch which, at the time of its construction, had the longest span in the world (84.65 metres), architect Paul Séjourné.

Art Nouveau is represented by villas in Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette and Mondorf-les-Bains, designed by Georges Traus, Mathias Martin and Alphonse Kemp. Art Deco is represented notably by Louis Rossi and Bauhaus by Tony Biver.

Modern Architecture
 in Luxembourg walks

  • “Circuit architectural au centre de la ville de Luxembourg”
- “Luxembourg City Centre architecture trail”
. This walk illustrates the efforts that architects have made to integrate modern buildings into traditional settings. It is particularly interesting for developments in the 1930s and 1950s as well as the late 1990s and early 21st century.
  • “Promenade architecturale au quartier de la gare”
- “Station district architecture trail”
Discover the homogenous architecture of the “plateau Bourbon” with buildings in the historicist, Art Nouveau and Art Deco (late 19th and early 20th century) styles.

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Castles, Fortifications and Fortresses in Luxembourg – by

 Fortifications, Castles and Fortresses in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Beaufort castle

Beaufort (Luxembourgish: Beefort, German: Befort) is a commune and town in eastern Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Echternach, which is part of the district of Grevenmacher.

In 2005, the town of Beaufort, which lies in the centre of the commune, had a population of 1,366. Other towns within the commune include Dillingen.

The castle of Beaufort was built in the 12th century and was restored by the governor of Luxembourg, Jean de Beck, in the 16th century.

Château de Beggen

The Embassy of Russia in Luxembourg is the diplomatic mission of the Russian Federation to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The mission is located in the historic Château de Beggen.

History of Château de Beggen

The site on which the château is located was purchased in the 18th century by Pierre Bourgeois, the owner of the first paper mill in Senningen, and another paper mill was built on this site. The mill was powered by water from the Donnersbach, which flowed from the side of Grünewald; it operated into the first decades of the 19th century. The property was purchased by Auguste Dutreux before 1851.

The property was purchased on 23 October 1865 by Metz & Co, and in 1866 the Donnersbach was redirected to supply the company’s steel mill at Dommeldange. During the 1880s, Emile Metz built a villa on the site; however, this burned to the ground in January 1894. From 1894-1895, an architect from Brussels built the present château in a historicist style reminiscent of Vaux-le-Vicomte and Château de Fontainebleau. When Metz died in 1904, the property passed to his widow Edmée Tesch.

When Mme Tesch died in 1919, in the absence of direct heirs the property was bequeathed equally to Emile Mayrisch (the Director General of ARBED) and Gaston Barbanson. Barbanson bought Mayrisch’s share in the property in 1923, and lived in the property until 10 May 1940, when Nazi Germany invaded and occupied Luxembourg. The Barbanson family fled south to France, and from 1940-1944 the property was occupied by the Wehrmacht. From October 1944 to September 1945 units of the US Army were stationed in the property.

When Barbanson died in 1946, his widow and daughter waived their rights of inheritance, and the property passed to a charitable fund set up in 1913 by Edmée Tesch. On 2 March 1948, the governing council of the fund decided to sell the property, and in 1949 a Belgian businessman bought the property for 4.2 million Belgian francs. From 1950-1956 the property was utilised as a hotel named Hôtel des Forges.

In 1956 the château was rented by the Soviet Union to allow their diplomatic mission in Luxembourg to open. During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 the mission was attacked by a group of demonstrators, and the ground floor of the château sustained considerable damage. On 5 June 1973 the château and an adjacent 2.8 hectare plot of land was sold to the Embassy of the Soviet Union for 8.5 million francs.

From 2005-2009 the château underwent extensive renovation and reconstruction, and the interiors were restored to their former glory. During the works, which cost some 4 million euros, embassy staff worked temporarily in other buildings on the site. The ambassador, who normally utilised the château as his official residence, was also required to find other accommodations, and embassy functions were hosted in the Grand Théâtre.

The damaged mosaics in the château were restored using expensive procedures; rotten wooden doors, walls and ceilings were reproduced; and the château was fitted with furniture manufactured in Italy and accessories purchased in the antiques markets. Emile Hengen of Tageblatt called the renovated château the ‘most magnificent’ embassy in Luxembourg. In September 2009, the château was a major attraction of European Heritage Days in Luxembourg, and some 300 members of the public visited the property.

Berg Castle

Berg Castle (Luxembourgish: Schlass Bierg, French: Château de Berg, German: Schloss Berg), also called Colmar-Berg, is the principal residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. It is situated in the town of Colmar-Berg, in central Luxembourg, near the confluence of the Alzette and the Attert, two of Luxembourg’s most important rivers.

The estate at Colmar-Berg first came into the possession of the Grand Dukes of Luxembourg in 1845. The Belgian Revolution had divided Luxembourg from the Netherlands, and also into two, undermining Dutch control of the fortress of Luxembourg City. Grand Duke William II sought to establish a suitable Grand Ducal residence in Luxembourg, hoping that a division of his time between The Hague and Luxembourg would placate the local, overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, population.

To this end, the Grand Duke bought Berg Castle from the Pasquier estate. In 1848, it was recognised as the exclusive home of the Grand Duke by the newly-promulgated constitution.

In 1890, the Royal house of the Netherlands and the Grand Ducal house of Luxembourg diverged, and the new Grand Duke, Adolphe, purchased Berg Castle the following year, in order to maintain the Grand Ducal estate at Colmar-Berg. In 1906, William IV had the old castle demolished and a new one constructed in its place, designed by the Munich-based architect Max Ostenrieder and the local Pierre Funck-Eydt. Work on the new castle began in 1907, and was completed in 1911, after which it became the primary residence of the Grand Ducal family.

During the Great Depression, the Grand Ducal family fell upon hard times. Grand Duchess Charlotte sought an agreement with the government of Luxembourg under which the Grand Duchy might divest personal properties to the government, which would then allow the Grand Ducal family to use them as official residences. In 1934, such an arrangement was reached on Berg Castle, with the castle changing hands (along with much of the Grünewald forest).

The two properties changed hands for 40m francs, of which 20m francs were denoted for the castle; this was viewed by the government as an undervaluation (as was the price of the Grünewald), as they had assessed the castle as being worth 22m francs. Berg is now one of two properties covered by similar agreements (the other being the Grand Ducal Palace in Luxembourg City). The right of Grand Dukes to residence at these two residences is enshrined in Article 44 of the Constitution of Luxembourg.

During the Second World War, the castle was occupied by Nazi Germany. During this period, the most valuable works of art were stolen from the castle, and the building itself underwent major alterations to suit the Nazis’ purpose of re-educating local girls. After the war, the restoration of the castle took several years, and it was only re-occupied by the Grand Ducal family in 1964, when Grand Duke Jean acceded to the throne. Until then, the Grand Duchess resided in Fischbach Castle, although this was mostly out of preference, rather than necessity.

Three of the past four monarchs of Luxembourg were born at Berg Castle:
•    Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde (born 1894; reigned 1912–19)
•    Grand Duchess Charlotte (born 1896; reigned 1919–64)
•    Grand Duke Jean (born 1921; reigned 1964–2000)

The current Grand Duke, Henri, was born at Betzdorf Castle, in eastern Luxembourg.
Betzdorf Castle

Betzdorf Castle (Luxembourgish: Betzder Schlass, French: Château de Betzdorf, German: Betzdorf Schloss/Schloss Betzdorf) is a former castle in the commune of Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg. It is the headquarters of SES S.A., the world’s largest satellite operator in terms of revenue and the largest component of Luxembourg Stock Exchange’s main LuxX Index. It is located north-west of Betzdorf village, to the north of the CFL Line 30 railway line. Since its acquisition by SES, the company has built a large commercial and industrial centre around the castle.

It should not be confused with Berg Castle, located in nearby Berg, which serves as the communal headquarters for Betzdorf.

The castle was the home of Hereditary Grand Duke Jean from his marriage to Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium, on 9 April 1953, until 16 November 1964, when he succeeded to the Grand Duchy upon Grand Duchess Charlotte’s resignation. All of Jean and Joséphine-Charlotte’s children were born at Betzdorf Castle:
•    Princess Marie-Astrid (born 17 February 1954)
•    Grand Duke Henri (born 16 April 1955)
•    Prince Jean and Princess Margaretha (twins born 15 May 1957)
•    Prince Guillaume (born 1 May 1963)

After the vacation by new Grand Duke’s family, the castle became a nursing home, which it remained until 1982. In July of that year, the castle served as a base camp for 3,000 Scouts celebrating the 75th anniversary of the movement’s foundation. Afterwards, it was left empty until SES bought the castle in 1986 and began extensive development work to make it their headquarters.

Fischbach Castle

Fischbach Castle (Luxembourgish: Schlass Fëschbech, French: Château de Fischbach, German: Schloss Fischbach) is a castle in Luxembourg. It is situated near the town of Fischbach, in central Luxembourg.

Fischbach has the longest history of any of Luxembourg’s castles. The estate of Fischbach was originally owned by Abbey of Echternach, which was the wealthiest institution in Luxembourg for centuries. The first liege independent of the Church is recorded as having taken possession of the castle in 1050. The castle underwent several renovations and alterations, including being completely destroyed in 1635, during the Thirty Years’ War.

During the second quarter of the 19th Century, the castle was owned by Auguste Garnier, an industrialist and metallurgist, who had turned the estate into an industrial centre by building blast furnaces there. The castle was first acquired by a head of state in 1850, when Grand Duke William II bought the estate to consolidate his political control of Luxembourg and to placate the local populace after the Belgian Revolution. He immediately ordered the demolition of Garnier’s blast furnaces.

In 1884, Fischbach Castle was bought from Grand Duke William III by Duke Adolphe of Nassau, who would become Grand Duke of Luxembourg when the personal union of the Netherlands and Luxembourg ended in 1890.

During the Nazi occupation of the Second World War, Fischbach was converted into a rest home for German artists, calling it Künstlerheim Fischbach. Despite this designation, Fischbach did not avoid the looting of art and historic artefacts that befell other palaces in Luxembourg. However, unlike the other palaces, it was not renovated or partly-demolished to suit the Nazis’ intentions, leaving it habitable by Grand Duchess Charlotte when she returned from exile.

Due to the unsuitability of the other royal palaces, Charlotte continued to live at Fischbach after the war, and took a liking to the place. Even after the full restoration of Berg Castle and the Grand Ducal Palace, Grand Duchess Charlotte remained at Fischbach for the rest of her reign. Indeed, even after she abdicated, in 1964, she decided to live at Fischbach until she died in 1985. Two years after Charlotte’s death, Prince Henri and Princess Maria Teresa moved into the castle, where they lived until Henri succeeded his father, Jean, as Grand Duke, in 2000.

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Sports in the Grand Duchy –

In the Grand Duchy anyone can practice all kinds of sports, ranging from nature walks and cycling to roller skating, skateboarding, tennis and table tennis, horse riding, hunting, diving, mountain biking, canoeing, fishing, gliding, golfing, skiing  and a large series of air sports. Luxembourg is the place for outdoor and indoor sports activities. Its topography, its abundance in woods and forests, its numerous rivers and lakes all make it an ideal setting for adventure and sports in un-spoilt nature.

Although small, Luxembourg has an extensive network of marked hiking and walking routes. Sometimes referred to as ‘the green heart of Europe’, almost one third of the country consists of forests. The best areas for walking are in the north also known as Luxembourg’s ‘Little Switzerland’ and the Luxembourg Ardennes offer spectacular rock formations, densely wooded forests and lush valleys. There are 171 official hiking routes and 19 national footpaths. Luxembourg’s cities are also well laid out and most have quality parks with good walking paths. The Municipal Park in the capital is one such park with many miles of winding paths and several major attractions to boot.

The Upper Sûre Lake offers water sports facilities. Swimming is allowed only in marked areas and the water temperature is usually warm enough from June to September. Sailing and windsurfing are very popular and there are a number of sailing schools as well as companies hiring out boats and windsurfing boards. The best resorts for sailing and windsurfing are Insenborn, Lultzhausen and Liefrange. Further lakes where water ports can be pursued are at Echternach, Remerschen and Weiswampach. Water-skiing is allowed on the River Moselle from mid-April to mid-October. Luxembourg’s many rivers are good for kayaking and canoeing.

Those who take the time to get past all the red tape and obtain the licenses will find the fishing in Luxembourg excellent. The rivers here are among the freshest and best stocked on the continent and many companies offer fishing trips and the like. The district commissioners’ offices in Luxembourg City, Diekirch, and Grevenmacher dish out fishing licenses. Trout is a popular catch. Many country hotels have their own fishing grounds which are open to guests. One of the unique things in Luxembourg you would love about these hotels is that the chef will be pleased to cook the day’s catch for you.

Cycling is very popular in the country, as the roads are flat and easy and because the hills and valleys provide variety, beautiful landscapes and viewpoints that are well worth the climb. The region is an authentic paradise for them who revel in climbing steep slopes, crossing creeks and forcing their way through muddy tracks. Luxembourg City itself has a staggering amount of greenery in the form of monstrous parks to ride around as well as the banks of the Alzette River, but those who prefer more strenuous cycling should head to the Ardennes mountains in the north or to the southeast Moselle Valley.

The underground world can be fascinating and potholing will let you experience it. The region is hard surfaced with full of holes inside perfect for the potholing adventure. Some are equipped and lit and can be visited by tourists, others are for trained potholers. If you know nothing about potholing but feel attracted by the adventure, there are trained monitors who will take you down and teach you in total security.

The snow is another richness of the Ardennes region, and is found in abundance during the winters. The Ardennes has the country’s collection of small ski resorts with about a dozen downhill centers. White gold attracts its fans in great numbers to slide down the slopes, to trek across country on skis, to drive Skidoos through the woods.

Rock climbing is certainly an exciting sport demanding from those who want to practice it to overcome natural apprehensions. It’s a challenge even when you know that the monitors are professional rock climbers and that all security rules are applied. The feeling of achievement when you reach the top of the cliff is beyond description, it’s a feeling out of this world and the country has many such cliffs awaiting those of you who want to answer the challenge.

And more…

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